Monday, May 25, 2020
Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 853 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2019/06/12 Category Management Essay Level High school Tags: Time Management Essay Did you like this example? Time is a concept to which all college students will need to become familiar with in order to succeed. This of course includes management but also effectively using time in a correct manner. If a student cant manage their time, it will affect them throughout life by making them late and not being able to accomplish their set goals when they originally wanted to. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "How We Can Improve Our Time Management" essay for you Create order As students we can easily manage our time by setting specific schedules, using the available resources, pulling ourselves out of situations that may be distracting, and simply getting our eight hours of sleep. Learning to manage oners time is a crucial step in each one of us must take for the future. Before I talk about what we can do to improve our time management, I wish to state why it is important in the first place. Any of us can say that successfully managing our time means being able to lessen the actual amount of time it takes to achieve more in a day. With basic knowledge we know that the less amount of time it takes to complete more, we will ultimately have more time for ourselves in the end. There will be many schedules that we will have while in college. Not every student will have the same. There are academic, sports, extracurricular, and personal schedules that will best fit our individual needs. Everyone, young or old, has their own personal routine. We love our set schedules only because they keep us moving at a steady, comfortable pace through our whole lives. Keeping up with these schedules wont be difficult as long as that person doesnt procrastinate. Just by being human, procrastination is, without dispute, in our genes. Throughout generations and our own lifetimes, we have perfected the skill of procrastination to a point. The online web has countless resources students, teachers, and average working men and women can use for their assistance. When used for research the internet is used to look up information about what the person desires to know. Nowadays the internet is the best tool to use for setting reminders and schedules, as well as smart technology in o rder to make the small things easier to accomplish. Though it is useful, it can also be a great device for procrastination and distractions. The easiest thing that people can do is to get distracted, especially when the interruption is something we believe to be worth our time. Everyone gets distracted at some point every day. When it comes to college students, getting distracted becomes far too easy for some. Parties are a large distraction. They tend to keep us long enough for them to completely lose track of time, primarily if we are have a good time or enjoying it. It could be that the person just doesnt want to leave or, depending on the party, it got to a point to where they couldnt leave. Not focusing on what is most important, will ultimately harm anyone in the end. This could be failing a test, being demoted, or losing a job because they failed to stay focused. I, myself, can easily stay on time and on target of what I need to be accomplished, but only when I get enough sleep. We all know that sleep is vital no matter what, but yet we still dont seem to realize how much of an affect it has on our lives. If I were to go around asking people about sleep, I would get roughly the same answer every time. That sleep is good and not getting enough is bad, but I choose not to get enough because I have an agenda that I must accomplish. We were all told in health class that we should have at least eight hours of sleep every night if we are to perform exceptionally every day. As an opinion, I believe that when caffeine became a huge part of life, people began to think that the eight hours wasnt necessary anymore. We can simply stay up late and drink caffeine in the morning in order to perform well enough. While this may be true, the body itself still needs eight hours at the minimum to mentally and physically prepare itself for the coming day. Staying up late can also lead to a bad habit of constantly staying up, thus throwing people off course from their specific schedule as well as the bodyrs itinerary. Every personrs perception of time differs. Time will take up a huge piece of the pie that is our lives. Without our concept of time as well as time management, we would never be able to achieve our objectives. We, as people, decide what we make of it though. If an individual wishes to spend their time partying and procrastinating, then they will eventually learn the outcome of their time, whether it be positive or negative. They will also encounter the effects of their decisions that follow. They then are consciously able to see that outcome and are capable of changing their management styles, in order to obtain outcomes that are good for them.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
All faithful Muslims are called to pray in Cairo. The song on the video is the call that sounds five times a day every day in cities across the world. Nearly a quarter of the people on earth respond to it with the enduring spirit of Islam. The video states that in the Islam religion, Mohammed is the Messenger of God. The Islamic civilization has been one of the humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s grandest achievements, a worldwide power founded simply on faith, a spiritual revolution that would shape the nations of three continents, and launch an Empire. For the West, much of the history of Islam has been obscured behind a veil of fear and misunderstanding. It was Muslim scholars who retained the wisdom of the Greeks while Europe languished in the dark ages. It was Muslims who sowed the seeds of the Renaissance 600 years before the birth of Leonardo Da Vinci. From the way they heal the sick to the numerals they use for counting, cultures across the globe have been shaped by the Islamic civilization. H owever, all this began with an ordinary man and the profound message he proclaimed would change the world forever. His name was Mohammed. To Muslims, the life of Muhammad is a story revealed. Muhammad was born in or around 570 AD in the sun blasted Arabian Peninsula, a land of scarcity whose tribes were always in a state of war. While still an infant, MuhammadÃ¢â¬â¢s parents gave him his first tasteful of life in the dessert. Muhammad was from a town named Mecca, but he was sent off to live with the betterShow MoreRelatedEssay on Muhammed was the Messenger of God958 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTo have one lone man assertion that he is the messenger of God centuries before and still have his word accepted in present day is rather strong. There are approximately 1.3 billion Muslims in the world today which means that one out of every five individuals acknowledges as factual Muhammad was really, the messenger of God. Muhammad, much like other so called devout messengers of God can either be glimpsed as a well renowned number or a conversing madly lunatic. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s humanity, if one wereRead MoreThe Religion Of Islam Through The Qur The Gospel Of Mathew1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesother god except of God, and to accept that Muhammad is God s Messenger, this pillar is accomplished by stating Ã¢â¬ËThere is no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of GodÃ¢â¬â¢ and according to Muslim beliefs by saying it with sincerity, this will make you Muslim. The Shahadah consist of two separate sentences, the first one is Ã¢â¬ËThere is no god but GodÃ¢â¬â¢, this is an acceptance of monotheism and it comes from Jewish tradition, specifically in Deut 6: 17 where it states Ã¢â¬Å"you shall have no other gods besidesRead MoreIslam Religion1105 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesreligions through the tribe that they belonged to. The thought that there were many gods was common to the tribal religions (Alkouatli 10 ). However, Muhammad became the profit of Islam when the angel Gabriel spoke to him. One major part of what Gabriel said to Muhammad was that there was only one God. The belief in one God, Allah, and that Muhammad is the messenger and prophet of God is the bases of Islam. After that, Muhammad thought it was his duty to spread the religion. To follow Islam a Muslim mustRead MoreThe Story Of The Qur An Essay1640 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbroader historical context you must start with the events leading up to this point. Muhammad was seen as god s messenger. He would recite passages of the Quran and the word of god from memory which had been given to him by the Angel Gabriel. He would recite these passages orally, as he was illiterate and could not write. Many of Muhammad s Sahaba(companions) were able to memorize the whole Quran by heart after Muhammad recited the passages. Once the Prophet died in 632 AD many wanted to complete theRead MoreIslam : A Religion Of Hatred And Crime1018 Word s Ã |Ã 5 Pages57 billion Muslims in the world today. The origin of Islam, Prophet Muhammad, and beliefs of Islam affect how Islam is being taught and viewed today. Islam originated 610 AD in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Throughout time there are many stories and legends on how Islam sprung. According to the Quran it declares, that the holy book of Islam was brought down by angel Gabriel from Allah. Angel Gabriel gave the holy book to Prophet Muhammad. To prove this, the Quran states, this is a revelation from the LordRead MoreIslam s Views On Islam942 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesreports of the media. This research paper, illuminates and reviews Islam and how its began, by its Prophet Muhammad until his death. Summarizing some of its practices and beliefs. Introduction: Islam: This Arabic word is Ã¢â¬Å"derived from the word peace, purity and obedienceÃ¢â¬ , peace with Allah and being committed to abide by the teachings and guidance of Him Almighty. Muslims believe that Allah (God) is the source of all purity and goodness and in the religious sense; Islam is the submission to the willRead MoreIslam : An Arabic Word891 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIslam: This Arabic word is Ã¢â¬Å"derived from the word peace, purity and obedienceÃ¢â¬ , peace with Allah and being committed to abide by the teachings and guidance of Him Almighty. Muslims believe that Allah (God) is the source of all purity and goodness and in the religious sense; Islam is the submission to the will of Allah. Islam also implicates living in peace within yourself and with other people in the world. Islam is the message of Allah, which is received by all His Prophets who appeared in anyRead MoreIslam And The Common Cause Of Unity1453 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbelieve in no gods but Allah and Muhammad (PBUH) is the messenger of AllahÃ¢â¬ , but even though this is the common creed among all Muslims around the world, many chose to divide themselves and separated themselves under a slightly different and innovated creed. Since the Prophethood of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Islam started to embed into the lives of the people of Arabia and as the number of people taking Shahada started to grow, they followed and trailed behind the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).Read MoreFive Pillars Of Islam And Islam1119 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe declaration of faith. Ã¢â¬Å"La ilaha illa Allah wa-Muhammad rasul AllahÃ¢â¬ . This translates to Ã¢â¬Å"There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the prophet of Allah.Ã¢â¬ This is the shahadah. All faithful Muslims recite this and one must recite this sincerely, with genuine belief, and in front of witnesses to convert to Islam and become a part of the Muslim community. There are two parts to the declaration. The first and most important part, Ã¢â¬Å"there is no god but AllahÃ¢â¬ , is saying that nothing and no one elseRead MoreComparing Different Worldviews And Their Effect On Society1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesreality from which we develop ideas and theories about the world. It answers questions: What are humans? Why are we here? What is our purpose? What are your values? What can we know with certainty? Does reality include only matter and energy? Does God exist? (Rusbalt) A world view could be likened to a pair of glasses. Ã¢â¬âEverything you see will be affected by the pair of glasses you are wearing. If you try on another personÃ¢â¬â¢s glasses things might appear blurry, and it could very possibly give you
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
People have been fascinated with fairy tales since they began being told. Stories of wonder, mystery, adventure, and horror tweak one sÃ¢â¬â¢ imagination and allows one to explore in someone else s world. Overtime, the original fairy tales have been altered to suit the present; however, aspects of the original still linger within the new versions so as not to take away from the storyÃ¢â¬â¢s background. For example, Alice in Wonderland tells of a curious girl who wants explore in a world of nonsense and get a different view from a Ã¢â¬Å"madÃ¢â¬ world. The benefit of viewing many different versions of Alice in Wonderland is to see how different people s perspectives and imagination are, pertaining to the original. The plot of Alice in Wonderland is aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Alice eventually finds the White Rabbit in the QueenÃ¢â¬â¢s garden where he is announcing the Red Queen. After the Queen invites Alice to play a game of croquet, the Queen gets mad at Alice for what she believes her to be teasing her about Cheshire, and demands her to be beheaded. Ã¢â¬Å"How do you like the Queen?Ã¢â¬ said the Cat in a low voice. Ã¢â¬Å"Not at all,Ã¢â¬ said Alice. (Lewis 92) As Alice is running, she happens upon the door where she wakes up back in her world with no nonsense and everything is normal. There was never a moral for Alice in Wonderland and was only for childrens entertainment. I found several lessons in Alice in Wonderland. Always think before you act or speak so you do not hurt someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings. Being too curious gets you into trouble. Mind your own business. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t lose yourself because if you follow someone your whole life, life will be too complicated with your mind and someone else s clashing together. For example, Alice relies on the advice from others and finds herself coming upon a lot challenges. In all the the versions I have read or seen on Alice in Wonderland, the characters all seem to have almost the same exact traits as the original. Alice has blond hair, goes to Wonderland in a dream or so it seems, very curious, book smart, gives herself advice but does not follow it, stubborn, independent, brave, and does not think before she acts or speaks. The White Rabbit always seemsShow MoreRelatedThe Brothers Grimm, By Jacob Grimm And Grimm1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfolk stories. After their books were printed, other problems were created because of it. They had to exchange ideas with many people to be able to write their books. Many forms of literature were explored to create the masterpiece that Jacob and Wilhelm made. Stories like Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, and Rapunzel had horrendous storylines that would probably not make many people show them to their children. Jacob and Wilhelm were born and raised in Germany. Their family valued education and were aRead More The Romance Novel Marriage Essay1327 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmarried and lives Happily Ever After. Im talking about the modern day adult fairy tale, also known as the romance novel. Ive been reading these novels since I was in the seventh grade. My first one was titled Bitter Sweet, written by Laverle Spencer, and was found in my moms closet. From there I graduated to the more sordid novels with half-naked people on the covers. My adolescent mind was absolutely fascinated and I could not wait until I found my guy and could experience those feelings first-handRead MoreThe Origin Of The Banshee1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesConnor Harkins Jonathan Tyler English 102-10 1 February 2017 The Banshee Ã Ã Ã The banshee is a phantom that is said to wail whenever a person is about to die. It would visit a friend or a family member of a Irish person who was dying. People are afraid of them because it shows us our mortality. We are afraid of death because we do not know what is on the other side, so naturally we would be afraid of the harbinger of death. The origin of the banshee is intertwined with death as it is in its spectreRead MoreFairytales Effect on Childs Psyche Essay2224 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesBoth traditional and contemporary fairytales experienced by children can have harmful effects on a childÃ¢â¬â¢s psyche. This is especially true when children are exposed to these fairytales during the early stages of psychological development. When do we most often expose children to the fairytale? More likely than not, we use the tales to Ã¢â¬ËcomfortÃ¢â¬â¢ our children, perhaps to calm them down, in the form of bedtime stories. But, have you ever really thought about the messages we give to a child through theRead MoreMiss Brill Illusion Vs Reality1537 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesgaps, then the outside world is not real. Katherine Mansfield captures the theme of illusion vs. reality in her short story Ã¢â¬Å"Miss BrillÃ¢â¬ the main character Miss Brill is fascinated with the surprise of having an almond in her honey cake. The almond symbolizes how Miss Brill sees herself in society as the honey cake represents the people. The way Miss Brill tries to fit in, the loneliness she endures and analyzing the ending of the story shows how her imagination has taken the best of her. Miss BrillRead MoreMyth, Religion, and Violence in PanÃ¢â¬â¢s Labyrinth and Bless Me, Ultima: A Comparative Analysis1346 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand the realization of the real world they live in. Both protagonists absorb themselves in a mythical world full of fantasy and each receives exposure to religious theology and trauma by the violence of men. Despite the fact that Antonio and Ofelia have different familial role models and travel along different paths, their childlike innocence, disillusionment, and initiation into adulthood comes about through similar themes: myth, religion, and violence. Bless Me, Ultima is about Antonio, the protagonistRead MoreJ. M. Barrie s Peter Pan And Lewis Carroll s Alice s Adventure Essay2118 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesBarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s Peter Pan and Lewis CarrollÃ¢â¬â¢s AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventure in Wonderland-Comparison Analysis In what follows is a comparison analysis from the original historical text of, J.M BarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s Peter Pan and Lewis CarrollÃ¢â¬â¢s AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventure in Wonderland that have both been adapted to film providing examples of similarities as well as the differences. Firstly, J.M. BarrieÃ¢â¬â¢s Peter Pan and Lewis CarrollÃ¢â¬â¢s AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s Adventure in Wonderland are both childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s literature which resonates with children as well as the adultRead MoreMystery, Amazement and Wonder in Stories2747 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesstill discovering the world and look at it with fresh eyes. Things we consider simple and obvious, they find fascinating, and silly little stories and fairy tales are for them amazing and inspiring. In play they invent their own stories, their imaginations flowing in ways unique to them, and so, as one of the elements capturing this feeling, fairy tales were included in the concept. This sense of amazement although imbedded in children is often neglected by adults in the everyday life. And even thoughRead MoreThe Controversy Of Domestic Abuse Victims Essay1998 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesparents have always attempted to shelter us from controversial topics while we were children. They never sat us down and elucidate everything that was iniquitous with the world we live in. Our parents did not want our innocence to be devastated. Topics such as terrorism, drugs, abortion, punishment for criminals, and toxic relationships were never addressed. Since these things were never conversed, most of us have cultivated misconceptions on certain topics. One of the topics that we have constructedRead MoreRomanticism in Music Essay1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesprevious age. It was a revolt against classicism, and against the pre-prescribed rules that defined it. The main catalyst for this change was the French Revolution in 1789, where the French monarchy and aristocracy was overthrow n by a rebellion of the people and France became a republic. This, in a musical sense, had an immediate impact on French opera, with the emphasis of the stories now beginning to be drawn into the present as opposed to the ancient world, and the old hierarchy of the Gods and feudal
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Organizational Structure and Management Levels. Answer: Introduction: Resource is one of the major essentials in the business and for the international business of the company Mabe resource works as the vital component for the offshore expansion in of the same. The resource based consideration is based on the view of the resources that are currently available in the firm. The resources of the business are the potential of the company marked as the capabilities which are financial, physical, human and intellectual (Hunt and Davis 2012). The resource based consideration referred to the strategies and the planning of the company interns of the international business. The resource based view (RBV) model enables the company to have the potential market opportunities in the new host market in the terms of the strategic resources of the organization (Lin and Wu 2014). The strategic resources of the firm further refer to the VRIN which is valuable, rare, inimitable and no substitutable. These resources signify the success of the organization in the new interna tional market in terms of the competitive advantage. The VRIN framework entails that the resources must be valuable in orders to have the power for creating or leveraging the opportunities for the firms business (Talaja 2012). The next category in the framework refers to the rarity of the resources for providing the uniqueness of the same in the international market. The first two features of the resources denote the inimitable feature of the resource, which further indicates achievement of the competitive advantages. The achievement of the competitive advantage ensures the non-substitution of the resources. Therefore, the model based on the resources of the organization will enable the firm to analyze resources in order to ensure the success. In the other hand the institution based consideration is also important for driving the organization towards the success in the international market. The market of India is highly competitive and the existence and sustainability of Mabe in this new market is difficult. The institutional framework is considered in this respect for driving the success of the company. The institution based view of strategy defines the role of the industry in which the company belongs. The view based in the institutional framework refers the industry specific environment for the organization in the new international market (Van Essen et al. 2012). The intrinsic potential as well as the performance of the industry in the new market environment is stressed by this particular framework in order to ensure the success of the company in the international context of the business. The institution based view also refers to the economical condition of the market as well as the organization for initiating the busin ess in the new industrial market (Peng 2014). For the chosen company Mabe, the institution based view is important to be considered for understanding the market condition of India as well as the potential and performance of both the organization and the industry in the same. This framework will enable the company to analyze the market and business opportunities for the international expansion and success and achieve the competitive advantages. For the expansion of Mabe in the international context of the business, the organization has chosen India. For the business expansion of the company, the firm must identify the specific attributes in the potential market of India. The attributes are based on the market opportunities and the sustainability factor of the company. To ensure the sustainability of the organization in the potential new marker the company must understand the market environment and effective strategies for the same (Bell, Filatotchev and Rasheed 2012). The attributes here in the potential Indian market refers to the various dimensions of the country. Undoubtedly, the entire market of the India is provides both the ground and the competitive advantages o the company, yet there are some specific attributes of the company that must be considered by the company for ensuring the success of the company. As per the Action Learning team of the company, the company must understand the need and the necessity for the joint venture for the future success in India (Beamish 2013). In the other hand, the company also understands the economical condition of the country as per the geographical division within the same (Guadalupe, Li and Wulf 2013). The unequal distribution of the electricity in India refers to the need of considering the geographical preferences for the company as the company products are the electrical kitchen appliances (Deshmukh, Natarajan and Pahwa 2012). The next attributes of the potential market of India refers to the demand of the consumers and the preferences and choice of the same. The Action Learning team presents the result that the demand and the need of the consumers indicate the successful business of company in refrigerators, washing machines and stoves. The next dimension refers to the financial capacity of the Indian consumers for purchasing the electric appl iances. It cannot be avoided that India is still a developing country and hence there are regions that are economically not capable of purchasing the products offered by the company. Therefore, the financial capacity of the consumers determines the success of the company in the specific part of the country. The business environment of India marks another dimension of the potential market for the company. The business environment of the country is highly competitive; therefore the company must analyze and find opportunity in the competitive market environment in India. From the above discussion on the factors driving the sustainability of the company some specific attributes must be considered by the company. The specific attributes for the potential market of India are financially capable customers, geographically and economically developed regions, demand and need of the customers and the business environment of the country. In addition, the cultural dimension of the country also needs to be considered (Deresky 2017). This is because, India being a country enriched with diverse cultures, there are people who different beliefs, practice and preferences and use different languages (Ferraro and Briody 2017). Therefore, the company has to hire local people in order to understand specific preferences, demands and needs of the consumers based on their cultures. These few attributes need to be considered by the company to sustain in the potential market. Management Structure: The management structure of any company entails the style and ways of organizing the management hierarchy and the organizational operations. The management structure of the company to certain extent similar to the organizational structure which is the foundation for operating the business of the company (Guadalupe, Li and Wulf 2013). There are different organizational structures that are dependent of the operations of the business of the company. Multinational companies like Mabe must follow specific organizational management structure for operating its business in the different nations. It is certain the Mabe has to face different challenges in the new host market of India. Therefore, the company has to maintain functional and organization units in order to resolve the challenges and fulfill the different functions in terms of the business operations. One of the appropriate structures of the management for the foreign expansion of the organization will be the matrix management structure. The functional structure of the organization will enable Mabe to separate the unit for the different functions of the company I the international context of business. In this order the company will be able to maintain a clear and organized structure within the organization as well as operating the business. Another advantage of this management as well as the organizational structure is that this structure is flexible in operating business in the local area of the foreign country by collaborating and linking the business operation with the local practices. However, this structure is used by the small multinational companies operating within two to three foreign countries, but for Mabe this would be helpful in terms of operating business in the culturally diverse country. The governance structure of the company defines the set of rules, processes and practices that controls and directs the company for operating its business. The governance structure is the corporate governance of the company that balances the interests of the key stakeholders of the company. For the multinational companies like Mabe who is expanding its business in the international market must follow and maintain proper corporate governance for the successful and effective business operations in the new foreign market. The determination of the governance structure is the responsibility of the management and the board of the company (Singh and Gaur 2013). In other words, the governance structure ensures the business operation within the organization for the successful expansion of the company as well as the sustainability of the company in the foreign market. The governance structure includes the role of the committees, bylaw of the organization, policies and procedures, incorporation and the charitable status. In short, the governance structure of the company signifies the internal operation of the organization which is responsible for the successful business expansion in the new foreign market. Ethical consideration is another major and vital aspect of the international business expansion. The ethical consideration is to be taken into account because the legal and ethical issues of the foreign countries can be different from that of the home country of the business (Burchill et al. 2013). It is often possible for the company to differ their ethical and legal frameworks from that of the other countries. Therefore, some of the ethical considerations are recommended here in this section for Mabe that the company must follow while expanding the business in the foreign country in order to achieve the target and success. The first ethical consideration for the company is regarding the employment. The company must understand the trend and the legal procedures of the employment in India (Ardichvili et al. 2012). It may possible to encounter issues in the employment regarding the leaves, overtime, wages and others. Therefore, the company must have knowledge about the ethical and legal issues and rules in the operating countries in order to avoid any conflicts as well as approach the issues with proper solutions. The second ethical consideration is based on the culture as India is most diverse cultured country. The cultural dimension of India is capable of creating conflicts in the workplace which the company is unaware of. The cultural management within the workplace thus needs to be taken care with ethical consideration in order to avoid any cultural conflicts. The next ethical consideration is based on the human rights of the country. The human rights of the foreign country can be different from home country of the organization. In other hand, the business operation of the company can disrespect the human rights of the foreign countries. In addition, it is also possible that the business operation of the company is discriminating the human rights (Ardichvili et al. 2012). In regard to this, the polycentric approaches of the staffing can be used (Nagendra and Ostrom 2012). Therefore, the ethical consideration based on the human rights of the stakeholders of the organization in the foreign country must be taken into account by the Mabe. Pollution is another element that comes under the ethical consideration in the international context of the business. While expanding in the new countries for the business, the firm must follow strategies that are capable of preventing pollution. It may be possible that the company can face legal issue for creating pollution in the country in which the company has expanded its business. Therefore, to avoid any legal hazards in the foreign country for the business operations the company must consider the ethical framework while expanding its business in the international context (Ferrell and Fraedrich 2015). The last ethical consideration refers to the corruption. The corruption can be possible to happen in the workplace regarding payments, unethical practices or behaviors, employee rights and others. The ethical consideration of the company therefore must include the corruption control to maintain a healthy workplace culture (Bucic, Harris and Arli 2012). However, there are many other aspects that can be considered to avoid any ethical issues or conflicts, but these are the major and most important ethical consideration outlined for Mabe. For the sustainable business opportunities as well as the business operations of the company, the two alternative recommended structures for the company are functional structure and the divisional structure. These two structures are equally important and effective for the successful and effective business operation of the company in India. However, the divisional structure is highly recommended for the company for operating its business after ten years. The organization structured as the divisional one is based on the objectives of the organization (Kavale 2012). The divisional structure of the company refers to the operations of the business as per the product of the business. The product is itself the self contained division that is capable of making strategies according to their product features and design and the geographical division of the area in which the business company is operating. As stated above in the report the geographical division of the country India is one of the major factor that is responsible for driving the business towards the success of the of the organization (Spate and Learmonth 2017). The divisional structure therefore is most appropriate for the organization for after ten years of successful business in the foreign country market. There are several advantages proposed by the divisional organizational structure such as the accountability, competition, culture, local decision, multiple offerings and the s peed. Therefore the divisional organizational structure will be the effective and appropriate one for the future business operations as well as long-term sustainability and success of the company. The divisional organizational structure is capable of maintaining strong business relationship with the stakeholders as well as the industry. The acquisition of the divisional structure of by Mabe will enable the organization to develop relationship with the local stakeholders which will ensure the success of the company in the local market. In addition, the acquisition of this structure within the company is capable of maintaining rich workplace culture within the organization, which will be beneficial (Steiger, Hammou and Galib 2014). The cultural integration and management in the organization will ensure the effective of the business operation in the local market. in the other hand this structure of the organization makes the organization maintain a healthy relationship with the industry in terms of the accountability and competition. The divisional structure is such a structure that approaches the organization for being responsible and accountable for their business operations an d the any kind of the issues emerging for the same (Guadalupe, Li and Wulf 2013). The divisional structure forms competitive relationship with the other existing companies in the market which strengthen the relationship between the organization and the industry. Moreover, this structure also proposes values towards the local decisions and offers multiple products from a wide range in terms of the geographical divisions. Therefore, the divisional structure of the company will be most effective and appropriate in order to achieve the long term benefit for the organization. Reference: Ardichvili, A., Jondle, D., Kowske, B., Cornachione, E., Li, J. and Thakadipuram, T., 2012. Ethical cultures in large business organizations in Brazil, Russia, India, and China.Journal of Business Ethics,105(4), pp.415-428. Beamish, P., 2013.Multinational joint ventures in developing countries (RLE International Business). Routledge. Bell, R.G., Filatotchev, I. and Rasheed, A.A., 2012. The liability of foreignness in capital markets: Sources and remedies.Journal of International Business Studies,43(2), pp.107-122. Bucic, T., Harris, J. and Arli, D., 2012. Ethical consumers among the millennials: A cross-national study.Journal of Business Ethics,110(1), pp.113-131. Burchill, S., Linklater, A., Devetak, R., Donnelly, J., Nardin, T., Paterson, M., Reus-Smit, C. and True, J., 2013.Theories of international relations. Palgrave Macmillan. Deresky, H., 2017.International management: Managing across borders and cultures. Pearson Education India. Deshmukh, S., Natarajan, B. and Pahwa, A., 2012. Voltage/VAR control in distribution networks via reactive power injection through distributed generators.IEEE Transactions on smart grid,3(3), pp.1226-1234. Ferraro, G.P. and Briody, E.K., 2017.The cultural dimension of global business. Taylor Francis. Ferrell, O.C. and Fraedrich, J., 2015.Business ethics: Ethical decision making cases. Nelson Education. Guadalupe, M., Li, H. and Wulf, J., 2013. Who lives in the C-suite? Organizational structure and the division of labor in top management.Management Science,60(4), pp.824-844. Hunt, S.D. and Davis, D.F., 2012. Grounding supply chain management in resource?advantage theory: in defense of a resource?based view of the firm.Journal of Supply Chain Management,48(2), pp.14-20. Kavale, S., 2012. The connection between strategy and structure.International journal of business and commerce,1(6), pp.60-70. Lin, Y. and Wu, L.Y., 2014. Exploring the role of dynamic capabilities in firm performance under the resource-based view framework.Journal of business research,67(3), pp.407-413. Nagendra, H. and Ostrom, E., 2012. Polycentric governance of multifunctional forested landscapes.International Journal of the Commons,6(2). Peng, M.W., 2014. New research directions in the institution-based view. InMultidisciplinary Insights from New AIB Fellows(pp. 59-78). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Singh, D.A. and Gaur, A.S., 2013. Governance structure, innovation and internationalization: evidence from India.Journal of International Management,19(3), pp.300-309. Spate, O.H.K. and Learmonth, A.T.A., 2017.India and Pakistan: A general and regional geography(Vol. 12). Routledge. Steiger, J.S., Hammou, K.A. and Galib, M.H., 2014. An examination of the influence of organizational structure types and management levels on knowledge management practices in organizations.International Journal of Business and Management,9(6), p.43. Talaja, A., 2012. Testing VRIN framework: resource value and rareness as sources of competitive advantage and above average performance.Management: Journal of Contemporary Management Issues,17(2), pp.51-64. Van Essen, M., Heugens, P.P., Otten, J. and van Oosterhout, J.H., 2012. An institution-based view of executive compensation: A multilevel meta-analytic test.Journal of International Business Studies,43(4), pp.396-423.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
B-24 Liberator Bomber in World War II The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was an American heavy bomber that entered service in 1941. A highly modern aircraft for its day, it first saw combat operations with the Royal Air Force. With the American entry into World War II, production of the B-24 increased. By the end of the conflict, over 18,500 B-24s had been constructed making it the most-produced heavy bomber in history. Employed in all theaters by the US Army Air Forces and US Navy, the Liberator routinely served alongside the more rugged Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. In addition to service as heavy bomber, the B-24 played a critical role as a maritime patrol aircraft and aided in closing the air gap during the Battle of the Atlantic. The type was later evolved into the PB4Y Privateer maritime patrol aircraft. Liberators also served as long-range transports under the designation C-87 Liberator Express. Origins In 1938, the United State Army Air Corps approached Consolidated Aircraft about producing the new Boeing B-17 bomber under license as part of the Project A program to expand American industrial capacity. Visiting the Boeing plant in Seattle, Consolidated president Reuben Fleet assessed the B-17 and decided that a more modern aircraft could be designed using existing technology. Subsequent discussions led to the issuing of USAAC Specification C-212. Intended from the outset to be fulfilled by Consolidateds new effort, the specification called for a bomber with a higher speed and ceiling, as well as a greater range than the B-17. Responding in January 1939, the company incorporated several innovations from other projects into the final design which it designated the Model 32. Design Development Assigning the project to chief designer Isaac M. Laddon, Consolidated created a high-wing monoplane that featured a deep fuselage with large bomb-bays and retracting bomb-bay doors. Powered by four Pratt Whitney R1830 twin Wasp engines turning three-bladed variable-pitch propellers, the new aircraft featured long wings to improve performance at high altitude and increase payload. The high aspect ratio Davis wing employed in the design also allowed it to have a relatively high speed and extended range. This latter trait was gained due to wings thickness which provided additional space for fuel tanks. In addition, the wings possessed other technological improvements such as laminated leading edges. Impressed with the design, the USAAC awarded Consolidated a contract to build a prototype on March 30, 1939. Dubbed the XB-24, the prototype first flew on December 29, 1939. Pleased with the prototypes performance, the USAAC moved the B-24 into production the following year. A distinctive aircraft, the B-24 featured a twin tail and rudder assembly as well as flat, slab-sided fuselage. This latter characteristic earned it the name Flying Boxcar with many of its crews. The B-24 was also the first American heavy bomber to utilize tricycle landing gear. Like the B-17, the B-24 possessed a wide array of defensive guns mounted in top, nose, tail, and belly turrets. Capable of carrying 8,000 lbs. of bombs, the bomb-bay was divided in two by a narrow catwalk that was universally disliked by air crews but served as the fuselages structural keel beam. B-24 Liberator - Specifications (B-24J): General Length: 67 ft. 8 in.Wingspan: 110 ft.Height: 18 ft.Wing Area: 1,048 sq. ft.Empty Weight: 36,500 lbs.Loaded Weight: 55,000 lbs.Crew: 7-10 Performance Power Plant: 4 Ãâ" Pratt Whitney R-1830 turbo-supercharged radial engines, 1,200 hp eachCombat Radius: 2,100 milesMax Speed: 290 mphCeiling: 28,000 ft. Armament Guns: 10 Ãâ" .50 in. M2 Browning machine gunsBombs: 2,700-8,000 lbs. depending on range An Evolving Airframe An anticipated aircraft, both the Royal and French Air Forces placed orders through the Anglo-French Purchasing Board before the prototype had even flown. The initial production batch of B-24As was completed in 1941, with many being sold directly to the Royal Air Force including those originally meant for France. Sent to Britain, where the bomber was dubbed Liberator, the RAF soon found that they were unsuitable for combat over Europe as they had insufficient defensive armament and lacked self-sealing fuel tanks. Due to the aircrafts heavy payload and long range, the British converted these aircraft for use in maritime patrols and as long range transports. Learning from these issues, Consolidated improved the design and the first major American production model was the B-24C which also included improved Pratt Whitney engines. In 1940, Consolidated again revised the aircraft and produced the B-24D. The first major variant of the Liberator, the B-24D quickly amassed orders for 2,738 aircraft. Overwhelming Consolidateds production capabilities, the company vastly expanded its San Diego, CA factory and built a new facility outside of Fort Worth, TX. At maximum production, the aircraft was built at five different plans across the United States and under license by North American (Grand Prairie, TX), Douglas (Tulsa, OK), and Ford (Willow Run, MI). The latter built a massive plant at Willow Run, MI that, at its peak (August 1944), was producing one aircraft per hour and ultimately built around half of all Liberators. Revised and improved several times throughout World War II, the final variant, the B-24M, ended production on May 31, 1945. Other Uses In addition to its use as a bomber, the B-24 airframe was also the basis for the C-87 Liberator Express cargo plane and the PB4Y Privateer maritime patrol aircraft. Though based on the B-24, the PBY4 featured a single tail fin as opposed to the distinctive twin tail arrangement. This design was later tested on the B-24N variant and engineers found that it improved handling. Though an order for 5,000 B-24Ns was placed in 1945, it was cancelled a short time later when the war ended. Due to the B-24s range and payload capabilities, it was able to perform well in the maritime role, however the C-87 proved less successful as the aircraft had difficulty landing with heavy loads. As a result, it was phased out as the C-54 Skymaster became available. Though less effective in this role, the C-87 fulfilled a vital need early in the war for transports capable of flying long distances at high altitude and saw service in many theaters including flying the Hump from India to China. All told, 18,188 B-24s of all types were built making it the most produced bomber of World War II. Operational History The Liberator first saw combat action with the RAF in 1941, however due to their unsuitability they were reassigned to RAF Coastal Command and transport duty. Improved RAF Liberator IIs, featuring self-sealing fuel tanks and powered turrets, flew the types first bombing missions in early 1942, launching from bases in the Middle East. Though Liberators continued to fly for the RAF throughout the war, they were not employed for strategic bombing over Europe. With the US entry into World War II, the B-24 began to see extensive combat service. The first US bombing mission was a failed attack on Wake Island on June 6, 1942. Six days later, a small raid from Egypt was launched against the Ploesti oil fields in Romania. As US bomber squadrons deployed, the B-24 became the standard American heavy bomber in the Pacific Theater due to its longer range, while a mix of B-17 and B-24 units were sent to Europe. Operating over Europe, the B-24 became one of the principal aircraft employed in the Allies Combined Bomber Offensive against Germany. Flying as part of the Eighth Air Force in England and the Ninth and Fifteenth Air Forces in the Mediterranean, B-24s repeated pounded targets across Axis-controlled Europe. On August 1, 1943, 177 B-24s launched a famous raid against Ploesti as part of Operation Tidal Wave. Departing from bases in Africa, the B-24s struck the oil fields from low altitude but lost 53 aircraft in the process. Battle of the Atlantic While many B-24s were hitting targets in Europe, others were playing a key role in winning the Battle of the Atlantic. Flying initially from bases in Britain and Iceland, and later the Azores and the Caribbean, VLR (Very Long Range) Liberators played a decisive role in closing the air gap in the middle of the Atlantic and defeating the German U-boat threat. Utilizing radar and Leigh lights to locate the enemy, B-24s were credited in the sinking of 93 U-boats. The aircraft also saw extensive maritime service in the Pacific where B-24s and its derivative, the PB4Y-1, wreaked havoc on Japanese shipping. During the course of the conflict, modified B-24s also service as electronic warfare platforms as well as flew clandestine missions for the Office of Strategic Services.Ã Crew Issues While a workhorse of the Allied bombing effort, the B-24 was not hugely popular with American air crews who preferred the more rugged B-17. Among the issues with the B-24 was its inability to sustain heavy damage and remain aloft. The wings in particular proved vulnerable to enemy fire and if hit in critical areas could give way completely. It was not uncommon to see a B-24 falling from the sky with its wings folded upwards like a butterfly. Also, the aircraft proved highly susceptible to fires as many of the fuel tanks were mounted in the upper parts of the fuselage. In addition, crews nicknamed the B-24 the Flying Coffin as it possessed only one exit which was located near the tail of the aircraft. This made it difficult to impossible for the flight crew to escape a crippled B-24. It was due to these issues and the emergence of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress in 1944, that the B-24 Liberator was retired as a bomber at the end of hostilities. The PB4Y-2 Privateer, a fully navalized derivative of the B-24, remained in service with the US Navy until 1952 and with the US Coast Guard until 1958. The aircraft was also used in aerial firefighting through 2002 when a crash led to all remaining Privateers being grounded.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Robert E Lee's Civil War Battles Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia from 1862 to the Civil Wars end. In this role, he was arguably the most significant general of the Civil War. His ability to gain the most from his commanders and men allowed the Confederacy to maintain its defiance of the north against increasing odds. Lee was the principal commander in several Civil War battles. Battle of Cheat Mountain, September 12-15, 1861 This was the first battle where General Lee led Confederate troops in the Civil War, serving under Brigadier General Albert Rust. He fought against Brigadier General Joseph Reynolds entrenchments at the top of Cheat Mountain in western Virginia. Federal resistance was fierce, and Lee eventually called off the attack. He was recalled to Richmond on October 30, achieving few results in western Virginia. This was a Union victory. Battles of Seven Days, June 25-July 1, 1862 On June 1, 1862, Lee was given command of the Army of Northern Virginia. BetweenÃ June 25th to July 1st, 1862, he led his troops into seven battles, collectively called the Battles of Seven Days.Ã Oak Grove: The Union army attacked in a swampy area. When darkness descended, the Union army retreated. The results of this battle were inconclusive.Beaver Dam Creek or Mechanicsville: Robert E. Lee pushed against General McClellans right flank. The Union army was able to hold back the attackers with heavy casualties. However, the arrival of Stonewall Jacksons troops meant that the Union position was pushed back. Nonetheless, this was a Union victory.Ã GainesÃ Mill: Lee led his troops against a fortified Union position north of the Chickahominy River. The Confederates were eventually able to push the Union soldiers back across the river, resulting in a Confederate victory.Ã Garnetts and Goldings Farms: Confederate Major General John B. Magruder under Lees command fought against the Union line that was stationed south of the Chickahominy River while Lee was fighting at Gaines Mill. The results of this fighting were inconclusive.Ã Savages Station and Allens Farm: Both these bat tles occurred on June 29, 1862, the fourth day of fighting during the Seven Days Battles. The Union wasÃ retreating after deciding not to advance on Richmond. Robert E. Lee sent his forces after the Union troops,Ã and they met in battle. However, the results of both of these battles were inconclusive. Glendale/White Oak Swamp: These two battles occurred as the Union troops were retreating. Stonewall Jacksons troops were kept tied up in the battle at White Oak Swamp, while the rest of the army tried to stop the retreat at Glendale. In the end, the battle was inconclusive.Ã Malvern Hill: The Confederates under Lee tried unsuccessfully to attack the Unions fortified position on top of Malvern Hill. Confederate losses were high.Ã McClellan withdrew to the James River, ending the Peninsula Campaign. This was a Union victory. Second Battle of Bull Run, Manassas, August 25-27, 1862 The most decisive battle of the Northern Virginia Campaign, troops led by Lee, Jackson, and Longstreet were able to score a huge win for the Confederacy.Ã Battle ofÃ South Mountain, September 14, 1862 This battle occurred as part of the Maryland Campaign. The Union army was able to take over Lees position on South Mountain. However, McClellan failed to pursue Lees devastated army on the 15th, which meant Lee had time to regroup at Sharpsburg.Ã Battle of Antietam, September 16-18, 1862 McClellan finally met with Lees troops on the 16th. The bloodiest day of battle during the Civil War occurred on September 17th. The Federal troops had a huge advantage in numbers, butÃ Lee continued to fight with all his forces. He was able to hold off the federal advance while his troops retreated across the Potomac to Virginia. The results were inconclusive, though strategically important for the Union army.Ã Battle ofÃ Fredericksburg, December 11-15, 1862 Union Major General Ambrose Burnside tried to take Fredericksburg. The Confederates occupied the surrounding heights. They repelled numerous attacks. Burnside decided in the end to retreat. This was a Confederate victory.Ã Battle of Chancellorsville, April 30-May 6, 1863 Considered by many to be Lees greatest victory, he marched his troops to meet the federal troops who were trying to advance on the Confederate position. The Union force led by Major General Joseph Hooker decided to form a defense at Chancellorsville. Stonewall Jackson led his troops against the exposed Federal left flank, decisively crushing the enemy. In the end, the Union line broke and they retreated. Lee lost one of his most able generals when Jackson was killed by friendly fire. This was a Confederate victory. Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863 In the Battle of Gettysburg, Lee attempted a full assault against the Union forces led by Major General George Meade. Fighting was fierce on both sides. However, the Union army was able to repulse the Confederates. This was a key Union victory. Battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864 The Battle of the Wilderness was the first ofÃ General Ulysses S. Grants offensive into Northern Virginia during the Overland Campaign. Fighting was fierce,Ã but the results were inconclusive. Grant, however, did not retreat.Ã Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, May 8-21, 1864 Grant and Meade tried to continue their march to Richmond in the Overland Campaign but were stopped at Spotsylvania Courthouse. Over the next two weeks, a number of battles occurred, resulting in 30,000 total casualties. The results were inconclusive, but Grant was able to continue his march to Richmond. Overland Campaign, May 31-June 12, 1864 The Union Army under Grant continued to make their advance in the Overland Campaign. They made headway to Cold Harbor. However, on June 2, both armies were on the field of battle stretching seven miles. Grant ordered an attack that resulted in a rout for his men. He eventually left the field of battle, choosing to approach Richmond through the less well-defended town ofÃ Petersburg. This was a Confederate victory. Battle ofÃ Deep Bottom, August 13-20, 1864 The Union Army crossed the James River at Deep Bottom to start threatening Richmond. They were unsuccessful, however, as Confederate counterattacks drove them out. They eventually retreated back to the other side of the James River. Battle of Appomattox Court House, April 9, 1865 General Robert E. Lee attempted at Appomattox Court House to escape the Union troops and head towards Lynchburg, where supplies were waiting. However, Union reinforcements made this impossible. Lee surrendered to Grant.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Monique and the Mango Rains. Gendered Inequality from an Anthropological Perspective - Essay Example Women, however, are not allowed by law of the land to own any property and in case they do, then it is assumed to belong to the immediate male over them. They are not to be listened to since their views are underrated. Traditionally and historically, some chores are considered Ã¢â¬ËmasculineÃ¢â¬â¢ and no woman is allowed into these fields no matter their qualifications. This is male dominance and sexism, which fiercely promotes gender inequality in the society. These are some of the truths that have shaped unspeakable gender inequality. In the book Ã¢â¬ËMonique and the mango rainsÃ¢â¬â¢, Kris highlights on the different areas where women have been discriminated against in the Mali community, bringing about gender inequality. This essay highlights these concepts of inequality and how they have hampered women rise to higher positions in the community. Kris presents a personal encounter of the life situations in the western country; Mali, painting a pathetic picture of what wome n undergo. Women, here, are given less significance by the community as a whole. They are not given adequate maternal care in the case of reproductive health. In the building of the economy, the feminine gender is neglected. Even the little that they earn out of their hard work is planned for inappropriately by the men who control them. They are given no option to choose or decline marriage, whereby, they are mostly forced into it. It is very worrying, how they are multitasked with most of the chores in their homes and community (Holloway & Bidwell, 2007). There are various components that are seen as promoting gender inequality among the Malian women portrayed by Holloway. Some of these components include issues on reproductive health. It is, for instance, mentioned that, among the community of over 1,400 occupants, there is only one midwife; Monique. She is overwhelmed with activities ranging from helping expectant mothers to deliver, advising of health since they are mostly malno urished and even on matters of birth control, which is almost unheard of in this society. This is too much for only one woman; therefore, most of the reproductive health issues are left unattended to. Mortality rate among pregnant mothers is given as very high; every one women out of 12 die out of reproductive related issues (Holloway & Bidwell, 2007). There is the component of gender inequality on the part of economy streamlining. The only salaried working woman mentioned here in the Mali community, is Monique. She is seen working the whole day in a makeshift birth centre under a torn roof. Her salary, however, goes to the extravagant father-in-law and unfaithful husband. She cannot be able to plan for her salary independently. This shows that a woman in Mali is voiceless even in managing her own resources. Outside this clinic picture, the woman is also overworked. There are, however, no accounts of productive use of these funds, which mostly goes to their male relatives. They are left with little, if any, to manage and help in economic growth matters. The Malian women have the most disadvantageous part in forced marriages. It all starts with Female Genital Mutilation (F.G.M.), which to them is universal. This argument is developed from the instance where we are told that Monique thought that this rite was universal, that even Kris must have undergone it. This rite is the first step in developing